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WHEN: A Wavelet-DTW Hybrid Attention Network for Heterogeneous Time Series Analysis

J. Wang, C. Yang, X. Jiang, and J. Wu

in Proceedings of the 29th ACM SIGKDD International Conference on Knowledge Discovery & Data Mining (KDD'23)

Given its broad applications, time series analysis has gained sub- stantial research attention but remains a very challenging task. Recent years have witnessed the great success of deep learning methods, e.g., CNN and RNN, in time series classification and fore- casting, but heterogeneity as the very nature of time series has not yet been addressed adequately and remains the performance “tread- stone”. In this light, we argue that the intra-sequence nonstationarity and inter-sequence asynchronism are two types of heterogeneities widely existed in multiple times series, and propose a hybrid at- tention network called WHEN as deep learning solution. WHEN features in two attention mechanisms in two different modules. In the WaveAtt module, we propose a novel data-dependent wavelet function and integrate it into the BiLSTM network as the wavelet attention, for the purpose of analyzing dynamic frequency com- ponents in nonstationary time series. In the DTWAtt module, we transform the dynamic time warping (DTW) technique into the form as the DTW attention, where all input sequences are synchro- nized with a universal parameter sequence to overcome the time distortion problem in multiple time series. WHEN with the hybrid attentions is then formulated as task-dependent neural network for either classification or forecasting tasks. Extensive experiments on 30 UEA datasets and 3 real-world datasets with rich competitive baselines demonstrate the excellent performance of our model. The ability of WHEN in dealing with time series heterogeneities is also elaborately explored via specially designed analysis.

WHEN: A Wavelet-DTW Hybrid Attention Network for Heterogeneous Time Series Analysis
WHEN A Wavelet-DTW Hybrid Attention Netw
Adobe Acrobat Document 2.3 MB


title={WHEN: A Wavelet-DTW Hybrid Attention Network for Heterogeneous Time Series Analysis}, 

author={Wang, Jingyuan and Yang, Chen and Jiang, Xiaohan and Wu, Junjie},

booktitle={Proceedings of the 29th ACM SIGKDD Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining},