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Assortative mating on blood type: Evidence from one million Chinese pregnancies

Y. Hou, K. Tang, J. Wang, D. Xie, and H. Zhang

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences,  2022.


In the human population, spousal pairs have been found to share phenotypes, which demonstrates the highly nonrandom nature of human mate choice. However, assortative mating on blood type—one of the most fundamental phenotypes in biological, medical, and psychological studies—has not been investigated. Using a unique dataset from China, we provide statistical analysis to test whether matching on blood type is nonrandom and find a set of strong evidence for assortative mating on blood type. The findings are robust after we control for the effect of other possible mechanisms, and show that the spousal concordance on blood type we observe is attributable to not only an individual’s mate opportunity but also their mate choice. Blood type is one of the most fundamental phenotypes in biological, medical, and psychological studies. Using a unique dataset of one million Chinese pregnancies, we find strong evidence from a group of statistical tests for assortative mating on blood type. After controlling for anthropometric and socioeconomic confounders, assortative mating remains robust.

Assortative mating on blood type: Evidence from one million Chinese pregnancies
Assortative mating on blood type- Eviden
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@article{hou2022assortative,

title={Assortative mating on blood type: Evidence from one million Chinese pregnancies},

author={Hou, Yao and Tang, Ke and Wang, Jingyuan and Xie, Danxia and Zhang, Hanzhe},

journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences},

year={2022},

volume={119},

number={51},

pages={e2209643119},

publisher={National Acad Sciences}

}